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What happens during corneal transplant?

Many people go for corneal transplant in Delhi to improve sight, relieve pain, and treat the severe infection. But most people require the treatment to cure keratoconus, a medical condition of an eye leading to distortion in the cornea.

Before you understand the conditions that damage cornea, you should understand its position and functions.

Cornea

It is the front portion of the eye. It covers the important parts including the pupil, iris, and the anterior chamber of the eye. And its main function is to refract or bend light. The light passes through it to reach the pupil and then to iris. This part is responsible for focusing most of the light entering the eye. Made of proteins and cells, it remains free from blood vessels and gets its nutrients from tears and a kind of watery fluid from the anterior chamber.

Cornea comprises five layers and it plays a protective role that is preventing foreign elements from entering the eye. Also, it can heal minor abrasions without medicines but deeper abrasions might not heal completely and lead to visual distortions. It is when the transplant treatment is needed. For treatment, you can check corneal transplant cost in Delhi.

Surgical treatment

The treatment is provided by replacing the damaged layers with healthy parts. And it could be full or lamellar. In full transplant, the damaged part is replaced with a healthy cornea from a donor. The new part is stitched on the affected eye and left for healing that takes a few days.

In a lamellar transplant, only the affected layer of the cornea is replaced with a healthy layer. It is quite helpful for patients as many times, only a selected layer is damaged but full treatment removes the entire part including the healthy layers. In lamellar treatment, only the diseased or damaged layers are removed. And it is your eye surgeon that will determine the treatment before carrying out a corneal transplant in Delhi.

Risk associated with the treatment

Like other surgical treatments, it is also not free from risks. For example, the new part could be rejected by the receiving eye. Or there could be infections or vision problems. But 95% of transplants come in low-risk conditions and they last up to 10 years.

You can check corneal transplant cost in Delhi before going for the treatment. But you shouldn’t compromise on the quality of the treatment as it could limit the functionality of the repaired eye.